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MOHAMED SHAH.

CHAPTER LXXVII
PERSIAN   AGGRESSION   ON   AFGHANISTAN
We consent to the whole of the demands of the British Government. We
will not go to war. Were it not for the sake of friendship we should not
relinquish the siege of Herat.—The Statement of MOHAMED SHAH.
The Trend of Persian Policy, 1832-18 57.—The last chap-
ter was a recital of defeats and losses suffered by Persia at
the hand of Russia. The present chapter and the follow-
ing one are mainly an account of the persistent though
unsuccessful efforts made by the defeated power to recover
provinces on the eastern confines of the empire in order
to balance heavy losses in the west. These campaigns
against Afghanistan were viewed with apprehension by
rulers of India, since it was realized that, if the policy of
Persia were successful, Russian agents and Russian influ-
ence would be established to the south of the Hindu KusL
The Government of India, therefore, made strenuous
efforts to keep Afghanistan outside the spheres of in-
fluence of both Russia and Persia, not shrinking from
an Afghan campaign, from costly missions, or even from
war with her old ally Persia. During the period dealt
with, from 1832 to 1857, the main Persian objective was
Herat, which was besieged more than once and for a short
period actually occupied.
The Campaign of Abbas Mirza in Khorasan.—The
disasters suffered in the campaign with Russia reacted
on the internal situation of Persia, more especially in
Khorasan, where the Kajar dynasty was peculiarly detested.
Abbas Mirza was entrusted with the task of restoring
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